You haven’t been feeling very well the last couple of days, and have had trouble concentrating.
You’re always thirsty and constantly running to the restroom.
And . . . the headaches are driving you crazy.
What’s Going On?
The quick answer is that it may be high blood sugar. But before you panic, ask yourself some questions about the last few days.
- Are you under an excessive amount of stress?
- Have you been eating a lot of unhealthy foods?
- Did you stop exercising?
- Have you eaten an excessively carb-heavy meal?
Any of these can lead to a blood sugar spike.
An occasional spike doesn’t mean that you are immediately at risk for poor health, but consistently high blood sugar is serious.
It is often related to Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes.
Two Types of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, known as juvenile or childhood diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin – and requires insulin injections.
Scientists think it is either genetic or caused by environmental factors like a virus that can trigger the disease.
Type 2 diabetes is more common and typically develops in older children and adults, but can occur at any age.
With this type, the individual’s body does not respond to insulin as well as it should and in advanced stages, the body doesn’t make enough insulin.
Type 2 can often be controlled by diet and lifestyle changes.
Primary Risk Factor
The primary risk factor is obesity – which afflicts more than 1 in 3 people in the U.S.
If you are extremely overweight and have been for a while, you should have your blood sugar levels checked regularly. Once diabetes develops, other health issues with the heart, kidneys, eyes, and blood vessels can appear.
In 2017 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that more than 100 million U.S. adults are now living with diabetes or prediabetes,
Medical News Today recently reported that 9% of the U.S. population have diabetes and it is the 7th leading cause of death.
Even if you are not diagnosed with diabetes, having higher-than-recommended blood sugar levels can be dangerous and indicate a condition known as “pre-diabetes.” An additional 38% of the population has been diagnosed with this condition.
What Is Blood Sugar?
The terms “sugar” and “glucose” are used interchangeably, but they are slightly different. When sugar is consumed it is converted to glucose (blood sugar) as a fuel source for the body.
The brain prefers to burn glucose for energy, which means it is reliant on carbohydrates. But, the rest of the body can also burn fat for fuel in between carb-rich meals. Glucose storage is low in comparison to fat storage in the body.
If you do not eat enough carbs, small amounts of glucose can also be made through non-carbohydrate food sources. The body can also slowly learn to make ketones from fat, which can be supplementary brain food, if necessary.
Glucose Levels Must Be Controlled
Glucose powers the body, but uncontrolled levels can be dangerous.
Diabetes is uncontrolled high blood sugar (glucose) levels.
When you are healthy, blood glucose levels are controlled by the secretion of insulin from the pancreas. Insulin is a regulator that lowers blood glucose levels, as needed.
When certain foods cause blood sugar levels to rise, insulin is secreted from the pancreas to normalize the levels and all is well.
With Type 2 diabetes, the cells don’t respond correctly to insulin and high levels of blood sugar occur which is called hyperglycemia.
Impact of Weight Gain and Weight Loss
A definite link has not been established between weight gain and increased blood glucose. However, one study showed weight gain increased the risk of diabetes.
Studies have also shown that weight loss can have major beneficial effects over time. Every kg of body weight lost annually was associated with a 33% lower risk of diabetes.
Even modest weight gain can have a substantial impact on the risk of diabetes.
Careful monitoring and maintenance of weight are important for overall health. This is particularly important if diabetes runs in your family or if you have been diagnosed with “pre-diabetes.”
Are You at Risk?
It is important to listen your body – to pay attention to how you feel. Headaches, feeling thirsty frequently and have to pee a lot are indicators of potential problems and should be discussed with your doctor.
American Diabetes Association offers a quick Type 2 Diabetes Risk Test. The link will take you to the site.
Your health is your most important asset. Take good care of it! A few simple steps to keep you are track and ensure a long, healthy life.
- Eat a healthy diet, be sure your body is getting the nutrients it needs.
- Avoid junk food/fast foods – the additives and sugar content are harmful to your mind and body.
- Exercise regularly – to keep everything working as it should.
- Have a complete physical checkup every year.
Eat Well – Stay Well – Live Well.
I know you can do it.
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